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Internet of Things (IoT)



Internet Of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things

 The interconnection via the Internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data. Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects—devices, vehicles, buildings and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange data.

           
             Internet of Things represents a general concept for the ability of network devices to sense and collect data from the world around us, and then share that data across the Internet where it can be processed and utilized for various interesting purposes.
                
                The technologies and solutions that enable integration of real world data and services into the current information networking technologies are often described under the umbrella term of the Internet of Things (IoT)


           IoT allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration between the physical world and computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit.

In simple words,Internet of Things(IoT) is an ecosystem of connected physical objects that are accessible through the internet.


It is also referred to as Machine-to-Machine(M2M),Skynet or Internet of Everything.


History of IoT

 The concept of the Internet of Things first became popular in 1999,through the Auto-ID Centre at MIT and related market-analysis publications.
          Radio-frequency identification (RFID) was seen as a prerequisite for the IoT at that point. If all objects and people in daily life were equipped with identifiers, computer cloud manages and inventories them. Besides using RFID,the tagging of things may be achieved through such technologies as near field communication,barcodes,QR codes,bluetooth,and digital watermarking.

How IoT Works?

Internet of Things is not the result of a single novel technology; instead, several complementary technical developments provide capabilities that taken together help to bridge the gap between the virtual and physical world. 

These capabilities include:

Communication and cooperation
Addressability
Identification
Sensing
Actuation
Embedded information processing
Localization

User interfaces

What is the scope of IoT ?

 Internet of Things can connect devices embedded in various systems to the internet. When devices/objects can represent themselves digitally, they can be controlled from anywhere. The connectivity then helps us capture more data from more places, ensuring more ways of increasing efficiency.
Internet of Things

Some of the Scope are as follows:-

u  Expected to grow to 28.1 billion IoT devices by 2020
u  4 billion connected people by 2020.
u  25+ Million Apps by 2020.
u  25+ Billion Embedded Intelligent System by 2020.
u  Revenue growth to$7.1 trillion in 2020.
u  50 Trillion GBs of Data by 2020. 

The Advantages of IoT

  1. Communication:- (Machine To Machine commutation becomes transparent with greater quality.) 
  2. Automation and Control:- (Connected  and controlled digitally and centrally with wireless infrastructures without human intervention.)
  3. Information:- (Having more information leads to better decision.)
  4. Saves Money:- (It gives alert to the user before breakdown or any kind of terrible damage. Hence we can repair it in low cost.)
  5. Efficient and Saves Time:- (The machine-to-machine interaction provides better efficiency, hence; accurate results can be obtained fast.)
  6. Better Quality of Life:- (use of this technology increase comfort, convenience, and better management, thereby improving the quality of life.)   


Application of IoT:-


u  Smart Cities:- (Monitor buildings, bridges and monuments., noise pollution control in School and Hospital areas., Managing Traffic, managing street lights automation, waste managements.)
u  Home Automation: (Garage, Window Shades, AC, Refrigerator, and other electrical appliances.)
u  Industrial Automation.(manufacturing remotely, manage inventory and supply chain, diagnose  if machine needs repair and maintenance, works safety emission of toxic gases.)
u  Health Monitoring-(Identification of health problems, transferring the condition of patients health to doctors, Helpful for senior citizen, automatic call emergency service.)
u  Smart Environment (Controlling pollution, Harmful chemicals released in rivers sea, Warning For Natural Calamities, Managing water levels in dams and rivers under surveillance to alert in case of floods, Detection of forest fire.)





Every aspects in the world have advantages and disadvantages so here are some disadvantages or Threat.


The Disadvantages of IoT:-


  1.  Complexity: (The IoT is a diverse and complex network. Any failure or bugs in                         the software or hardware will have serious consequences.   
  2. Privacy/Security/Safe:
  3. Lesser Employment: (The unskilled workers and helpers may end up losing their jobs in the effect of automation of daily activities. This can lead to unemployment issues in the society.) 
  4. Technology Takes Control of Life:

Threat vs Opportunity

  1. If misunderstood and misconfigured, IoT poses risk to our data, privacy, and safety.
  2. If understood and secured, IoT will enhance communications, lifestyle, and delivery of services.

Conclusion

                                In conclusion, the Internet of Things is closer to being implemented than the average person would think. Most of the necessary technological advances needed for it have already been made, and some manufacturers and agencies have already begun implementing a small-scale version of it. The main reasons why it has not truly been implemented is the impact it will have on the legal, ethical, security and social fields. Workers could potentially abuse it, hackers could potentially access it, corporations may not want to share their data, and individual people may not like the complete absence of privacy. For these reasons, the Internet of Things may very well be pushed back longer than it truly needs to be.


Thanks For Reading.

                                                                            




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